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1) Basic Information

1. Outline

Country Name Mongolia MAP
Capital Ulaanbaatar
Population 250,400,000
Area 1,564,100 km2(4 times larger than Japan)
Ethnic Groups

Mongol (95%), Kazakh, Other

Languages Khalkha Mongol, Other
Religions

Buddhism Lamaism (In 1993, new constitution included freedom of religion.) (In 1993,freedom of religion was newly given constitutional guarantee)

sources: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan Official Web Site

2. The Situation of Snow Damage, Support Needs and JEN's Activities

Living in -39.8 Degrees*, in the aftermath of a Cold Wave

The devastating cold damage--or “zud” as they are known in Mogolia--from the end of 1999 to the beginning of 2000, resulted in the deaths of almost 2,250,000 livestock. Without time to recover from this damage, a severe drought in the summer followed by another “zud” in the winter left more livestock dead, affecting the lives of 500,000 people, or one fifth of the entire population.

Under such circumstances, we began supporting children in Töv province, an area hardest hit by the loss of livestock. We built three schools, as well as a heating system in the school dormitories, and encouraged the children to return to school. The government was already struggling to protect livestock farming, the largest industry in the country, and thus could not financially afford to repair heating facilities. Another factor that was hindering the children's return to school was that a great majority of their parents were nomadic, meaning that it was impossible for them to continue their studies if there was no heating. Through these constructions and repairs, 1000 students were able to return to school.

*the lowest temperature recorded in Mongolia in 2001

Mongolie

I. Aperçu Géopolitique

Nom du Pays République de Mongolie Plan
Capitale Oulan-Bator
Population 250,400,000
Superficie 1,564,100 km2
Groupes Ethniques

Mongol (95%), Kazakh, autres

Langues Khalkha Mongol, autres
Religions

Bouddhisme Lamaisme (La nouvelle Constitution en 1993 a instauré la liberté de religion.)

sources: Ministères des Affaires Étrangères du Japon

II. Contexte Historique

Survivre dans minus 39,8 degrés (record en 2001) après la Grande Vague de Froid

La fin de l année 1999 et le début de 2000, la Mongolie a connu une forte vague de froid et de neige (« zud » en mongole). Plus de 2 250 000 animaux d'élevages a été tué ce qui a directement affecté la vie de 50 000 personnes.

III. Nos Activités

Afin d aider les populations, JEN a entamé un projet de soutien aux enfants dans la province de Töv. Cette province a subi la perte de bétail la plus grave du pays. Nous y avons établi trois écoles et installé un système de chauffage dans trois résidences scolaires. Les autorités mongoles ne pouvaient pas faire face à la reconstruction du chauffage des écoles qui a été détruit. Elles ont donné priorité au rétablissement de l’élevage qui était l’industrie essentielle du pays. A cela s’ajoutaient d’autres facteurs qui empêchaient les enfants reprendre l’école. Nos projets de reconstruction du chauffage des locaux scolaires ont permis à 1 000 écoliers de reprendre les classes.