An earthquake hit the coast of Padang in West Sumatra in September 2009. More than 1,000 people were killed and more than 130,000 buildings were destroyed. JEN decided to provide emergency assistance immediately after the earthquake. We found that the biggest damage was due to collapsed houses and landslides. We started to deliver emergency supplies in the mountainous areas of Padang Pariaman prefecture where not enough aid was being reached. After that, we carried out workshops to teach disaster-prevention to support the rehabilitation of victims and enable them to prepare for future disasters.
After conducting a field survey, JEN found that enough food and water are supplied by the Indonesian government and international organizations, but not enough was being done to houses that were destroyed by the earthquake or for the rehabilitation of victims. In particular, damage caused by the earthquake became larger the further away you were from Padang. People were forced to live outdoors or amongst the rubble of their houses. Local prices sharply rose 80% after the earthquake, and people could not even buy tools to remove rubble. Therefore, JEN distributed the following to 1800 households: shelter tool kit (19 items: shovel, hammer, saw, pliers, scissors, trolleys, etc.) and hygiene kits (soap, towel, bucket, toothbrush, toothpaste, towel, etc.). People also used the shelter tool kit not only for removing debris from his or her own house but also for repairing the mosques and public property such as roads with others. These activities strengthened people’s will to rebuild their communities.
Subsequently, JEN distributed shelter toolkits to a further 2,800 households in Remakoto Timur, which had been inaccessible to provide aid. With the shelter toolkits, the reconstruction of houses was made possible by removing rubble, cleaning up homes, and digging out household goods and daily commodities which had been buried underneath the houses.
The earthquake also destroyed sanitation facilities and people had been forced to excrete in open air. If this situation continues, there is a risk that diseases caused by polluted water sources (such as diarrhea) will spread , especially when combined with rain and severe weather. Therefore, in January 2010, JEN installed sinks for washing hands and portable latrines in 88 affected elementary schools located in 5 counties of Padang Pariaman prefecture, which suffered the most from the earthquake. In addition, JEN also conducted hygiene education workshops in these schools. Students later shared what they learned with their families at home, improving hygiene in the community.
There were many children who live in fear even after the earthquake as they believe that the earthquake occurred because God was angry, and blamed themselves. JEN conducted disaster prevention workshops to ease the children’s fear and prepare for the possibility of a future earthquake in the all schools of the Re Makoto Timor county. In addition, we set up disaster management committees in each region. Students, teachers, school management committees and PTA learned about the mechanism behind why earthquakes occur.
Furthermore, disaster management training and workshops have enabled both adults and children to prepare for potential future disasters in a fun way, and have also provided mental care for children by removing anxiety and trauma.
From 14th October 2009, ten villages in the Pariaman Region, located about 100 km north of Padang city, JEN began distribution of shelter tool kits (shovel, hammer, saw, pliers, cart etc), and UNICEF hygiene kit (soap, dust cloth, bucket, toothbrush, toothpaste, towel etc).
The villagers began building tents, temporary shelters and removing remnants before the rainy season hits the region.
Along with emergency distribution project, JEN is also conducting assessment to gather information for our next project.
|Country Name||Republic of Indonesia|
|Area||1,890,000 km2( Five times Japan )|
|Ethnic Groups||Majority is Malay (Java, Sunda, and 27 other groups)|
|Religions||Islam (88.6%), Christianity (Protestant: 5.8%, Catholic: 3.1%),
Hindu (1.7%), Buddhism (0.6%), Confucianism (0.1%),
(Source: Statistics Indonesia (BPS))