The devastating cold damage (or “zud”) from the end of 1999 to the beginning of 2000 resulted in the deaths of almost 2,250,000 livestock. Without time to recover from this damage, a severe drought in the summer of 2000 followed by another “zud” in the winter left more livestock dead, affecting the lives of 500,000 people, or one fifth of the entire population. Under such circumstances, JEN began supporting children in Töv province, an area hardest hit by the loss of livestock caused by “zud”. We built three schools, as well as a heating system in the school dormitories, and encouraged the children to return to school.
A cold and heavy snow called “zud” as they are known in Mongolia hit the country in winter from 2001 to 2002. This resulted in the deaths of 91,000 livestock. Also, heating facilities at schools become not available, and it caused school education non-functional. A great majority of the children’s parents were nomadic so they stayed at school dormitories, meaning that it was impossible for them to continue their studies if there was no heating. The government was already struggling to protect livestock farming, the largest industry in the country, and thus could not financially afford to repair heating facilities. Under such circumstances, we built three schools, as well as a heating system in the school dormitories, and encouraged the children in Töv to return to school. Through these constructions and repairs, 1000 students were able to return to school.
|Area||1,564,100 km2( 4 times larger than Japan )|
|Ethnic Groups||Mongol (95%), Kazakh, Other|
|Languages||Khalkha Mongol, Other|
|Religions||Buddhism Lamaism (In 1993, new constitution included freedom of religion.) (In 1993,freedom of religion was newly given constitutional guarantee)|